«KUMITE EVOLUTION»

 

GLOBAL EDUCATIONAL & COMPETITION 

STANDARD OF All-RTKF 

 

GENERAL INFORMATION

 

Introduction

 

«In order to retain the essence of a martial art, competitive rules must incorporate the technical principles and philosophy of the discipline. Competitive rules must also ensure the safety of athletes, reduce human error (on the part of judges), and increase the public’s awareness and appreciation of what Traditional Karate truly represents for both the individual and the community».

Sensei H. Nishiyama (1928–2008),
Founder of ITKF / WTKF

 

The first steps towards what you are reading about now were done as early as in 1990s at the Odintsovo Traditional Karate School. After that we had to study a lot. Seminars conducted by the leading experts in traditional karate-do from all over the world as well as discussions and conversation helped us to gain clear understanding of what is the most important in training (conditional) kumite judging – in general principles and also in details of procedure.

The crucial breakthrough came with the founding of the Traditional Karate Institute of Russia in 2014. At the Irkutsk State University our martial art was introduced into Russian system of education (2015). We had to develop and promote such a system that would be really effective in the education of character. Thus, the Global Educational and Competition Standard (GECS) was born. The main idea was to combine WTKF Competition Rules created by Sensei H. Nishiyama (esp. Ko-go kumite rules) with the methods of training (conditional) kumite that we elaborated to make it possible for everyone to pass a way from the very beginning to mastery.

 

GECS allows to achieve the following objectives:

 

  • Athletes understand and train only real technique (Todome-waza);
  • Athletes learn to use breathing reaction as a key to proper timing in kumite;
  • Athletes learn and understand the rules and procedures of traditional karate-do;
  • Society is aware of traditional karate-do valuable as an educational tool to develop personality.

 

Applying the GECS makes athletes and coaches to practice one and the same method in everyday training on each stage and for competition preparation. Thus the governing body (federation) acquires a tool to control and vector individual development of each athlete from the first steps to the degree of the 1st Dan regardless schools and styles.

 

 Pavel Chernousov,
All-RTKF President

 



Kumite

The Offence side executes the following attacks in different types of training Kumite depend of the technical level of the athletes.

 

Technical level

Attack

7 Kyu and lower

6 – 4 Kyu

3 – 1 Kyu

1 Dan

and higher

Type of Kumite

Kikhon-Ippon Kumite Toh-Ma

Kikhon-Ippon Kumite

Jiu-Ippon Kumite Ko-Go

Ko-Go,

Shobu-Ippon

Regular match

Oi-tsuki Jodan

Oi-tsuki Jodan

Kizami-tsuki Jodan

WTKF rules

Oi-tsuki Chudan

Oi-tsuki Chudan

Gyaku-tsuki Jodan

Mae-keri Chudan

Mae-keri Chudan

Oi-tsuki Jodan

Kettei-Sen

no

Mawashi-keri Jodan

Mae-keri Chudan

Ushiro-keri Chudan

Mawashi-keri Jodan

Comments: Any blocks are allowed for Defense side except for the breaking balance (ashi-barai) or grabbing and throw techniques.

 

 

Here is an example of Su-shin’s announcement in the beginning of the match:

Technical level

Attack

7 Kyu and lower

6 – 4 Kyu

3 – 1 Kyu

1 Dan

and higher

 

Announcement

 

Kikhon-Ippon Kumite Toh-Ma

Kikhon-Ippon Kumite

Jiu-Ippon Kumite Ko-Go

Ko-Go Kumite

 or

Shobu-Ippon

Start

(first attack)

Aka

Koge-ki ik-kai:

Oi-tsuki Jodan;

KAMAE!

(+ controls readiness to attack)

“HAJIME!”

Aka

Koge-ki ik-kai

Oi-tsuki Jodan;

KAMAE!

(+ controls the distance to be correct)

“HAJIME!”

Aka

Koge-ki ik-kai

Kizami-tsuki Jodan;

(+ controls understanding a task)

“HAJIME!”

WTKF rules

The position of Shu-shin at the tatami

KAMAE

in the centre 

(simultaneously with the attack side)

KAMAE

closer to the Defense side

(simultaneously with the attack side)

WTKF rules

 

Comments:

The Defence can execute any blocking action and counter attack. In Kikhon-Ippon Kumite and Jiu-Ippon Kumite (Ko-Go) the Offence has 10 seconds to perform the attack (if the attack was not performed in due time the Shu-shin announces “Jikan!” and the Defence gets 2 scores). All terms, gestures for judges, points and penalties to be used are from Ko-go Kumite WTKF Competition Rules. The competitors don’t announce and confirm the attacks orally.

 

In addition to General Kumite or Ko-go Kumite WTKF Competition Rules, penalty points are to be given to the opponent for violations in the following cases:

  1. In case of “Jo-gai” 2 points
  2. In case of “Saki” 2 points
  3. In case of “Kin-shi” 2 points
  4. In case of “Kakushi” 2 points

 

“Jo-gai”: The Defense moves feet to escape before the Offence starts moving.

“Saki”: The Defense executes counter-attack before the Offence starts moving.

“Kin-shi”: The Offense changes the level attack or technique of attack.

“Kakushi”: Offense moves back in the beginning or just after the attack, thus not performing the attacking technique properly (todome), in order to avoid counter-attack.

 

What is Kikhon-Ippon-Kumite Toh-Ma (long distance)?

 

The distance between the opponents is 3 m, thus they don’t touch each other. The Offence executes an attack; the Defence executes a blocking action and a counter-attack. A proper timing and quality of the techniques performed are being examined and bring scores.

 

What is Jiu-Ippon Kumite Ko-Go?

 

This type of Kumite is Jiu-Ippon Kumite proceeded using the terms, gestures, scores and penalties used in Ko-go Kumite. The match consists of 6 episodes with both sides being the Offence three times. See the list of attacking actions. In case of tie score Kettei-sen match is to be held; in which both sides perform Keri attacking actions (see the list).

Comments:

In case of match between athletes from different qualification groups, the type of Kumite is executed according to the rank of the athlete with a lower rank in the competing pair.

 

  


 

Kata

 

The Katas are to be performed according the following regulations:

 

Technical level

7 Kyu and lower

6–4 Kyu

31 Kyu

1 Dan and higher

eliminations / finals

eliminations / finals

eliminations / finals

eliminations / finals

Kata

T1-H2[1]

H2-H4

H4-H5

Bassai Dai,

Ji-On,

Kan-ku Dai, En-pi

WTKF rules

System of judging 

flag system

flag system

flag system

Score system

 

Score system (WTKF rules) or flag system judging (Kata performed in pairs) is used including the finals. In case of flag system judging Su-shin announces the name of Kata according to the rank of the athlete with the lowest rank of two competitors (Kyu). Judges use the belt colour as a criterion in order to announce the name of Kata in each pair of competitors.

 

Athletes have to be ready to perform following Katas:

 

  • with yellow belts – not higher than Heian 1
  • with orange / red belts – not higher than Heian 2
  • with green belts – not higher than Heian 3
  • with blue / violet belts – not higher than Heian 4
  • with brown belts – not higher than Bassai Dai, Ji-On, Kan-ku Dai, En-pi

 


 

Demonstartion of Standard

 

 

 


_________________________

[1] T – Taikyoku, H – Heian.